Joseph prospers, after hardship, with God's guidance of interpreting Pharaoh's dream of upcoming famine. He is then reunited with his father and brothers, who fail to recognize him, and plead for food. After much manipulation, he reveals himself and lets them and their households into Egypt, where Pharaoh assigns to them the land of Goshen.
Jacob calls his sons to his bedside and reveals their future before he dies. Joseph lives to an old age and exhorts his brethren, if God should lead them out of the country, to take his bones with them. Genesis takes its Hebrew title from the first word of the first sentence, Bereshit , meaning "In [the] beginning [of]"; in the Greek Septuagint it was called Genesis , from the phrase "the generations of heaven and earth".
The Qumran group provides the oldest manuscripts but covers only a small proportion of the book; in general, the Masoretic Text is well preserved and reliable, but there are many individual instances where the other versions preserve a superior reading. For much of the 20th century most scholars agreed that the five books of the Pentateuch —Genesis, Exodus , Leviticus , Numbers and Deuteronomy —came from four sources, the Yahwist , the Elohist , the Deuteronomist and the Priestly source , each telling the same basic story, and joined together by various editors.
The Deuteronomistic source does not appear in Genesis. Scholars use examples of repeated and duplicate stories to identify the separate sources. In Genesis these include three different accounts of a Patriarch claiming that his wife was his sister, the two creation stories, and the two versions of Abraham sending Hagar and Ishmael into the desert. This leaves the question of when these works were created. Scholars in the first half of the 20th century came to the conclusion that the Yahwist is a product of the monarchic period, specifically at the court of Solomon , 10th century BC, and the Priestly work in the middle of the 5th century BC with claims that the author is Ezra , but more recent thinking is that the Yahwist is from either just before or during the Babylonian exile of the 6th century BC, and the Priestly final edition was made late in the Exilic period or soon after.
As for why the book was created, a theory which has gained considerable interest, although still controversial is "Persian imperial authorisation". The two powerful groups making up the community—the priestly families who controlled the Temple and who traced their origin to Moses and the wilderness wanderings, and the major landowning families who made up the "elders" and who traced their own origins to Abraham, who had "given" them the land—were in conflict over many issues, and each had its own "history of origins", but the Persian promise of greatly increased local autonomy for all provided a powerful incentive to cooperate in producing a single text.
Genesis is perhaps best seen as an example of a creation myth , a type of literature telling of the first appearance of humans, the stories of ancestors and heroes, and the origins of culture, cities and so forth. In David Clines published his influential The Theme of the Pentateuch — influential because he was one of the first to take up the question of the theme of the entire five books. Clines' conclusion was that the overall theme is "the partial fulfillment — which implies also the partial nonfulfillment — of the promise to or blessing of the Patriarchs".
By calling the fulfillment "partial" Clines was drawing attention to the fact that at the end of Deuteronomy the people are still outside Canaan. The patriarchs , or ancestors, are Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, with their wives Joseph is normally excluded. Through the patriarchs God announces the election of Israel, meaning that he has chosen Israel to be his special people and committed himself to their future.
The promise itself has three parts: offspring, blessings, and land. The ancestors, however, retain their faith in God and God in each case gives a son — in Jacob's case, twelve sons, the foundation of the chosen Israelites. Each succeeding generation of the three promises attains a more rich fulfillment, until through Joseph "all the world" attains salvation from famine,  and by bringing the children of Israel down to Egypt he becomes the means through which the promise can be fulfilled.
Scholars generally agree that the theme of divine promise unites the patriarchal cycles, but many would dispute the efficacy of trying to examine Genesis' theology by pursuing a single overarching theme, instead citing as more productive the analysis of the Abraham cycle, the Jacob cycle, and the Joseph cycle, and the Yahwist and Priestly sources.
To this basic plot which comes from the Yahwist the Priestly source has added a series of covenants dividing history into stages, each with its own distinctive "sign". The first covenant is between God and all living creatures, and is marked by the sign of the rainbow; the second is with the descendants of Abraham Ishmaelites and others as well as Israelites , and its sign is circumcision ; and the last, which does not appear until the book of Exodus , is with Israel alone, and its sign is Sabbath. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The first book of the Christian, and Hebrew Bibles. For the comics, see The Book of Genesis comics. Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy. See also: Primeval history and Patriarchal age. Main article: Documentary hypothesis. Main article: Weekly Torah portion. Bible portal.
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Edited by Leander E. Keck, vol. Nashville: Abingdon Press, Hamilton, Victor P The Book of Genesis: chapters 1— The Book of Genesis: chapters 18— Hirsch, Samson Raphael. The Pentateuch: Genesis. Translated by Isaac Levy. Judaica Press, 2nd edition In , it peaked the US chart at No. When the album was recorded, the band went their separate ways for a year; Gabriel and Phillips stayed at Charterhouse to finish exams, Banks enrolled at Sussex University , and Rutherford studied at Farnborough College of Technology.
Phillips and Rutherford decided to make music a full-time career as they were starting to write more complex music than their earlier songs with King. The tape was rejected by each record label that heard it. His replacement, drummer and carpenter John Mayhew , was found when Mayhew looked for work and left his phone number "with people all over London"   . In late , Genesis retreated to a cottage that Macphail's parents owned in Wotton , Surrey to write, rehearse, and develop their stage performance.
It was a long shot, because they needed time to find their strength Genesis stayed at Wotton until April ,  by which time they had enough new material for a second album. He had completed the cover before the band decided to include "The Knife" on the album. Feeling the cover no longer reflected the album's overall mood, the band persuaded Whitehead to slash a knife across the canvas and have the result photographed. After Trespass was recorded, ill health and developing stage fright caused Phillips to leave Genesis. His last show with the band took place in Haywards Heath on 18 July They regarded his exit as the band's greatest threat and the most difficult to overcome.
Gabriel and Rutherford decided they would continue; Banks agreed on the condition that they find a new drummer that was of equal stature to the rest of the group. Mayhew was therefore fired, though Phillips later thought Mayhew's working-class background clashed with the rest of the band, which affected his confidence. The search for a new guitarist and drummer began with advertisements placed in copies of Melody Maker. He recalled, "My only knowledge of Genesis was through seeing the ads for their gigs. It seemed like they were constantly working. I thought 'At least I'm going to be working if I get the gig'.
As they arrived early, Collins took a swim in the pool and heard what the other drummers were playing. Banks said, "It was a combination of things. He could make it swing a little bit And he could sing, which was an advantage because Mike and I were not very good at back-up vocals".
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Caryl's audition was unsuccessful; Rutherford thought he was not the player the group were looking for. After a short holiday, Genesis began to write and rehearse as a four-piece band in Farnham , Surrey. The now empty guitar sections in their songs allowed Banks and Rutherford to expand their sound and play what Gabriel described as "interesting chords".
The band's sound evolved with Hackett's more aggressive electric guitar work and Banks adding a Mellotron previously owned by King Crimson to his set of keyboards. The band developed the piece further including the addition of new guitar parts from Hackett. Whitehead depicted scenes and characters from the lyrics to "The Musical Box" and a Victorian manor house based on Gabriel's parent's home on the album's cover.
Nursery Cryme was released in November and went on to reach No. After two replacement engineers were tried out, the band settled with John Burns and a new producer, Dave Hitchcock. It fared even better in Italy, where it went to No. Chris Welch of Melody Maker thought Foxtrot was "a milestone in the group's career", "an important point of development in British group music", and that Genesis had reached "a creative peak".
The show at the National Stadium in Dublin on 28 September marked the debut of Gabriel wearing a costume on stage, something that surprised the other band members as they were kept uninformed. Originally suggested by Charisma booking agent Paul Conroy , Gabriel went off stage during an instrumental section in "The Musical Box" and reappeared in his wife's red dress and a fox's head.
Selling England by the Pound was released in October to a positive critical reception, though slightly more muted than Foxtrot. Their six shows in three days at The Roxy in Los Angeles were well received by audiences and critics. Its success led to an offer for Genesis to appear on BBC's national show Top of the Pops ; they declined as the group thought it would not suit their image. The album was written at Headley Grange in East Hampshire where, upon their arrival, the building was in a state left by the previous band with excrement on the floor and rat infestations.
His absence from a considerable amount of writing sessions due to difficulties with his wife's first birth was something Rutherford and Banks "were horribly unsupportive" of. Further work and mixing took place at Island where Brian Eno contributed synthesizers and effects that the album's sleeve credits as "Enossification".
When Gabriel asked Eno how the band could repay him, Eno said he needed a drummer for his track " Mother Whale Eyeless ". Collins said, "I got sent upstairs as payment".
During their stay in Cleveland during the tour, Gabriel told the band he would leave at its conclusion. He was being portrayed as if he was 'the man' and it really wasn't like that. It was a very difficult thing to accommodate. So it was actually a bit of a relief. Following the Lamb tour, Hackett recorded his first solo album Voyage of the Acolyte as he felt unsure that Genesis would survive following Gabriel's departure. As a replacement singer had not been found, the band decided to record the album without vocals and audition singers as they went.
They placed an anonymous advertisement in Melody Maker for "a singer for a Genesis-type group" which received around replies. Collins proceeded to teach selected applicants the songs; Mick Strickland was invited into the studio to sing, but the backing tracks were in a key outside of his natural range and the band decided not to work with him.
His performance was well received by the band, and they decided that he should be their new lead vocalist. Collins then sang on the remaining tracks. A Trick of the Tail was released in February and was a commercial and critical success for the band. The album reached No. Collins adopted a more humorous rapport with the audience, unlike Gabriel's theatrical approach, which was successful.
The shows in Glasgow and Stafford were filmed for their concert film Genesis: In Concert , released in cinemas in February as a double bill with White Rock. Rutherford spoke of the band's conscious effort to distance themselves from songs inspired by fantasy, something that their past albums "were full of". Collins spoke of the situation, "We just wanted to use what we agreed was the strongest material, irrespective of who wrote it".
Prior to the tour Bruford declined an offer to return as second drummer, leaving Collins searching for a replacement. Collins said, "It floored me completely I had never met him.
I rang him up and said, 'Hi Chester, I've heard your stuff, would you like to play with Genesis? He didn't even audition! An armed bodyguard accompanied each member throughout their stay. It peaked at No. It was the final Genesis release before Hackett left the group.
He had been writing more material on his own and found it increasingly difficult to contribute more of his ideas within a group context. He wished to embark on a solo career and "take the risk in order to find out just how good I was on my own". The album is a collection of shorter songs in order to put across more musical ideas. Collins recalled it was the only song on the album written from scratch during rehearsals.
It received some mixed reviews from critics at the time owing to the album only containing short songs, which excited new fans but disillusioned those who had been used to the band's previous work. In the search for a new touring guitarist, Rutherford tried out Pat Thrall and Elliot Randall ,  followed by Alphonso Johnson of Weather Report, but he was primarily a bassist and could not play Hackett's lead guitar parts comfortably. In December , Genesis began a period of inactivity as Collins's marriage was at risk of collapse after touring had made him frequently absent from his wife and children.
It was just that if I was going to be living in Vancouver then we'd have had to organise ourselves differently. With time to spare before working on a new Genesis album, Collins performed with Brand X , played the drums on former bandmate Peter Gabriel's third album and started writing his first solo album, Face Value , at his home in Shalford, Surrey.
In , Banks and Rutherford moved into Collins's home in Shalford to write and rehearse material for Duke. The three found the writing process easier and less complicated than And Then There Were Three Rutherford reasoned this as they were "getting back to the basic stage of ideas being worked on jointly".
All three wrote the remaining five tracks including " Duchess ", the first Genesis song that uses a drum machine , specifically a Roland CR imported from Japan. Released in March , Duke was the band's biggest commercial success at the time of release, spending two weeks at No. In November , Genesis bought Fisher Lane Farm, a farmhouse with an adjoining cowshed near Chiddingfold , Surrey, as their new rehearsal and recording facility.
The building was remodelled into a studio in four months before recording for Abacab began in March Banks said a conscious effort was made to keep melodies as simple as possible which signalled further changes in their direction.
Abacab was released in September and reached No. Following a demonstration at The Farm, the band and Smith showed an immediate interest in the technology and became shareholders of the company. The European release contains a fourth side of extra live tracks. The concert was organised to raise money for Gabriel's World of Music, Arts and Dance project which was, by that point, in considerable debt. Work on the twelfth Genesis album, Genesis , began in March with Padgham returning as engineer.
Banks remembered the band were scarce for new musical ideas which "felt at times as though we were stretching the material as far as we could".
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In February , Genesis took a break in activity to allow each member to continue with their solo careers. The music press took note that Collins' success as a solo artist made him more popular than Genesis. I won't be the one. I still won't leave the group, but I imagine it will end by mutual consent. Genesis reconvened at The Farm in October to start work on Invisible Touch which lasted for six months.
Banks remembered the time as a strong period creatively for the band, with ideas "flowing out of us". During the session, Rutherford began to play an improvised guitar riff to which Collins replied with an off-the-cuff lyric — "She seems to have an invisible touch" — which became the song's chorus hook.
Following its release in June , the album spent three weeks at No. The Invisible Touch Tour was the band's largest world tour in its history which included dates from September to July Genesis received some criticism in their decision to have Michelob beer as a sponsor. The tour concluded with four consecutive sold-out shows at Wembley Stadium in London. They performed twice during this time; on 14 May , they performed a minute set at the Atlantic Records 40th Anniversary concert at Madison Square Garden.
The band took advantage of the increased capacity the CD offered and released over 71 minutes of new music across 12 tracks. Rutherford also played bass on Pink Floyd's set at the same concert. In March , Collins announced his departure from Genesis. In a statement, he said, "Having been in Genesis for 25 years, I felt it time to change direction in my musical life.
For me now, it will be music for movies, some jazz projects, and of course my solo career. I wish the guys in Genesis all the very best in their future. We remain the best of friends. Rutherford initially found the sessions difficult as he saw Collins as "the guy in the middle" who made Banks and himself work better. The two main contenders, David Longdon later of Big Big Train and Scottish singer Ray Wilson of Stiltskin , auditioned throughout which involved singing along to Genesis tracks with the lead vocals removed.
Wilson was announced as the new Genesis singer in June Calling All Stations was released in September It was a success in Europe, where it reached No. A North American tour was planned but was cancelled following its poor commercial response and lack of ticket sales, which led to Banks and Rutherford announcing in that the group would no longer be recording and touring.
In , Banks, Collins, Gabriel, Hackett, Phillips, Rutherford, and Silver gathered for a photo session and dinner to celebrate the release of the four-disc box set, Genesis Archive — Gabriel attended the ceremony but chose not to perform. The five met in Glasgow in November to discuss the idea further, but it never developed further as Gabriel was unable to commit due to other projects.
A live album formed of recordings from various European dates was released in as Live over Europe In , the band's studio albums from Trespass to Calling All Stations were digitally remastered by Nick Davis across three box sets: Genesis — , Genesis — and Genesis — Since , Genesis have expressed mixed opinions about a reunion.
Collins retired from the music industry as an active musician that year in favour of family commitments  and has stated he can no longer play the drums due to medical issues. The damage dealt is converted to health and is based on the target's maximum health. Causes an enemy unit to go insane and attack any nearby unit friend or foe for a short time. Insanity lasts longer on regular units. William's basic attacks and abilities infect and damage other enemy units around the target. Secondary infections deal less damage and last for a shorter duration.
William takes control of an enemy unit, dealing damage over time and regaining a certain percentage of the damage dealt as health. Performing any action during this time will interrupt this skill. A scientist from a cursed bloodline, he might tell you his story while quenching his thirst with your blood. Captain Jones fires a mechanical harpoon in the target direction that drags back the first unit it touches.
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If the harpoon catches an enemy unit, it instantly deals damage. Summons two tentacles around the target or around Captain Jones, if no target is present. Tentacles randomly attack nearby enemies targeting enemy heroes first , enemies hit 3 times in a row will be ensnared. Captain Jones receives extra gold for killing enemies, and has a chance of digging up buried treasures treasures can be picked up by both friendly and enemy heroes. Captain Jones slows and marks a target. After 2 seconds, a massive, enranged kraken throws the target into the air and deals damage to nearby units.
The kraken assists Captain Jones in battle for a few seconds. A rapacious space pirate, Jones is the kraken of his industry. None escapes his ever-reaching tentacles. Leda fires a bubble of light ahead of her that damages enemies in its path. Trigger the skill a second time teleports Leda to the bubble's location. Leda transforms into an extradimensional crystal, becoming invulnerable. She cannot move or attack while in crystal form.
She instantly reverts to her regular form upon using items or abilities. Leda uses her phase disruptor to create a spherical barrier of relativity, stunning and damaging targets. If a target moves out of the barrier, they are stunned a second time. What can be more harmless than a cute little girlscout blowing bubbles? This one is not as naive as you think! Binds an enemy hero with a flux shackle. The shackle can be detonated with other abilities, causing damage. Cloud Chariot Ascend : After a 3 second charge, Zeus ascends to his chariot in the clouds.
Cloud Chariot Descend : Zeus descends to the target location, slowing and damaging nearby enemies. Zeus calls on the power of the heavens, dealing varied damage to enemies in a radius with three expanding rings of lightning. Units closer to the epicenter take more damage. Supreme ruler of the Pantheon, Zeus preserves order with thunder and lightning. Mikazuki strikes the area ahead of her, damaging enemy units and pushing them back. This skill can hold up to three charges. Pops a nearby enemy into the air and slams them into the ground.
Slows the target and deals damage to all enemy units in the vicinity of the target. Mikazuki throws her grappling hook at an enemy within range to pull him in. Damaging and reducing the target's armor. Using Musashi's greatest secret, this technique allows Mikazuki to attack her target with a flurry of attacks. Enemy units in the vicinity of the target take damage as well. Mikazuki is invulnerable while executing her attacks. Don't be fooled by her delicate beauty, Mikazuki is deadly with the blade and will cut down anyone who think her unworthy.
Releases the fires of the sun at a target area, slowing all enemy units and dealing damage over time. Apollo's radiant arrows have a chance to stun the target and deal additional damage. Apollo's golden bow allows him to make full use of his archery abilities, greatly increasing his attack range.
After charging, Apollo fires a blazing arrow at his target, dealing massive damage. Charge period increases with distance to the target. Apollo is the god of sun and light. No dark evil can escape his bow. Deals damage to enemies in a straight line. Units hit a second time by this skill within a certain time take extra damage and are stunned.
This skill can hold 2 charges. Creates electromagnetic shields around Amber and the friendly hero with the lowest health percentage within range. This skill also increases Amber's movement speed. Produces one magnetic particle every few seconds which can be used to slow and damage a target, until the maximum charge is reached. Target hit by multiple monopoles takes decreased damage from each hit.
Calls forth a powerful magnetic storm, stunning nearby enemy units and dealing damage over time. A tyrant queen who can summon an electromagnetic storm on a whim. Bow down! Nameless lunges forward in the target direction, damaging enemies in his path. Once his movement speed reaches a certain amount, Nameless gains additional increased speed and distance, stunning enemies in his path.
Increases his movement speed. Once his movement speed reaches a certain amount, Expert Footwork increases his dodge chance. Calls forth shadow clones that deal massive damage to enemies within attack range. A ronin of the new age, nothing much has changed in his custom. Nameless kills from the shadows and fades away. The only hint to his presence is the glow of his energy blade. After charging his weapon for a second, Sion hurls it at an enemy target, damaging and stunning it.
Sion smashes down at target location, damaging enemies within range. Those closer to the center suffers greater damage. Sion's basic attack will periodically unleash an energy wave, damaging and lowering enemy's hit chance.